The book “Caucasus” written by the prominent russian scientist, journalist and historian V.L.Velichko is one of the most valuable reliquiae of Russian culture. It is of great scientific interest. “Elm” publishing house realizes issuing of historical books on “The history and culture of the peoples of the USSR”. The book “Caucasus” is the first edition of this series. Although there existed a number of uncomplimentary reports about the native inhabitants of the Caucasus including azerbaijanians, the publishing house took an opportunity of presenting the book “Caucasus” to the wide circle of readers from its original version.